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Ph.D., Department of Political Science, M.I.T.
B.A. with University Honors, Science in Society Program, Wesleyan University.
Professor, School of Public Policy, George Mason University,
2010 - present.
Associate Professor, School of Public Policy, George Mason University, 2004-2010.
Associate Professor, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 1998-2004.
Assistant Professor, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 1994-1998.
Research and Writing
Forged Consensus: Science, Technology, and Economic Policy in the United States, 1921 1953 (Princeton University Press, 1998). [Excerpted in Albert H. Teich, et al., eds., AAAS Science and Technology Policy Yearbook 1999 (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1999), 293-304.]
The Emergence of Entrepreneurship Policy: Governance, Start-Ups, and Growth in the U.S. Knowledge Economy (edited volume) (Cambridge University Press, 2003).
B. Published articles and essays
"Political Theory of the Firm," forthcoming in David Coen and Graham Wilson, eds. Oxford Handbook of Business and Government (Oxford University Press).
"Talent for a Knowledge-Based and Innovation-Oriented Economy: Hong Kong's Challenges and Opportunities" (with Fangmeng Tian), forthcoming in Douglas B. Fuller, ed., Choosing to Lose: The Failures of Hong Kong's Laissez-faire Innovation Policy, published by Palgrave Macmillan, November 2010.
"The Social Context for High-Potential Entrepreneurship in the U.S.: An Historical-Institutional Perspective," forthcoming in Alan Bird, ed., Entrepreneurship in Japan, China, and the U.S.
"High-Technology Immigrant Entrepreneurship in the U.S." Office of Advocacy, U.S. Small Business Administration. July, 2009.
"Accounting for Change in National Systems of Innovation," Research Policy 38:647-654 (2009).
Hart, D. M. "US Politics, Economy and Technology." In A Companion to the Philosophy of Technology, edited by Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen, Stig Andur Pedersen and Vincent F. Hendricks, pp. 532-37. Blackwell Companions to Philosophy. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.
"Brain Gain," Princeton Encyclopedia of the World Economy (Princeton University Press, 2008).
"The Politics of "Entrepreneurial" Economic Development Policy in the U.S. States," Review of Policy Research 25(2):149-168 (2008).
"U.S. Politics, Economy, and Technology, Blackwell Companion to the Philosophy of Technology (Blackwell, 2007).
"Red, White, and 'Big Blue': IBM and the Business-Government Interface in the U.S., 1956-2000," Enterprise and Society 8(1):1-34 (2007).
"Understanding Immigration in a National Systems of Innovation Framework," Science and Public Policy 34(1):45-53 (2007).
"Governing the Global Knowledge Economy," FLAD Newsletter, December 2006, 14-15.
"Global Flows of Talent: Benchmarking the U.S.," Information Technology and Innovation Foundation policy brief, November 17, 2006.
"From Brain Drain to Mutual Gain: New Opportunities to Share the Benefits of High-Skill Migration," Issues in Science and Technology, Fall, 2006, 53-62.
"Managing the Global Talent Pool: Sovereignty, Treaty, and Intergovernmental Networks,"Technology in Society 28(4):421-434 (2006).
"The Political Development of William C. Norris and Control Data Corporation, 1957-1986," Enterprise & Society 6:197-223 (2005).
"Political Economy of Science and Technology," Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics (Macmillan, 2005).
"Bush-Kerry: More of the Change?" The Scientist, October 25, 2004.
"Business Is Not an Interest Group (And, By the Way, There's No Such Thing as 'Business'): On Companies in American National Politics," Annual Review of Political Science 7:47-67 (2004).
"Corporate Technological Capabilities and the State: A Dynamic Historical Interaction.," in Kenneth Lipartito and David B. Sicilia, eds., Constructing Corporate America: Historical Perspectives on Big Business, Society, and Politics (Oxford University Press, 2004).
"Political Representation Among Dominant Firms: Revisiting the Olsonian Hypothesis," Business and Politics 5:261-286 (2003).
"Entrepreneurship Policy: What It Is and Where It Came From," in David M. Hart, ed., The Emergence of Entrepreneurship Policy (Cambridge University Press, 2003).
"Knowledge, Power, and Entrepreneurs: A First Pass at the Politics of Entrepreneurship Policy," in David M. Hart, ed., The Emergence of Entrepreneurship Policy (Cambridge University Press, 2003).
"Private Technological Capabilities as Products of National Innovation Systems: Four Ways of Looking at the State," Science and Public Policy 29:181-188 (2002).
"High-Tech Learns to Play the Washington Game, or the Political Education of Bill Gates and Other Nerds," in Allan J. Cigler and Burdett Loomis, eds., Interest Group Politics, 6th ed. (CQ Press, 2002), 293-312.
"New Economy, Old Politics: The Evolving Role of the High-Tech Industry in U.S. Politics," in John D. Donahue and Joseph S. Nye, Jr., eds., Governance in a World of Bigger, Better Markets (Brookings Institution Press, 2001), 235-265.
"Why Do Some Firms Give? Why Do Some Firms Give a Lot? High-Tech PACs, 1978-1996," Journal of Politics 63:1230-1249 (2001).
"Antitrust and Technological Innovation in the U.S.: Ideas, Institutions, Decisions, and Outcomes, 1890-2000," Research Policy 30:923-936 (2001).
"Government Organization: Implications for Science and Technology Policy," in John de la Mothe, ed., Science, Technology, and Governance (Pinter, 2001).
"Research, Innovation, and Politics," Nature 407:561-562 (5 October 2000).
"Technology Policy in the First Clinton Administration," in Triumphs and Tragedies of the Modern Presidency: Seventy-Six Case Studies in Presidential Leadership (Washington: Center for the Study of the Presidency, 2000).
"IBM in American Politics, 1970-1999," Business and Economic History 28(2):49-60 (1999).
"Commentario: Ciencia – La Frontiera Sin Fin," Redes 7(14):143-146 (1999).
"Antitrust and Technological Innovation," Issues in Science and Technology, Winter, 1998-99, 75-82.
"Herbert Hoover's Last Laugh: The Enduring Significance of the 'Associative State' in the United States," Journal of Policy History 10:419-444 (1998).
"U.S. Technology Policy: New Tools for New Times," NIRA Review, Summer, 1998, 3-6.
"Managing Technology Policy at the White House," in Lewis M. Branscomb and James H. Keller, eds., Investing in Innovation (MIT Press, 1998), 438-461.
"Investing in Innovation," Competitiveness Policy Council, April 24, 1997 (with Lewis Branscomb, Richard Florida, James Keller, and Darin Boville).
"Facilitating Technological Change in Developing Country Energy Systems: Lessons from Development Experience," in Henry Lee, ed., Shaping National Responses to Climate Change: A Post-Rio Guide (Island Press, 1995) (with Vicki Norberg-Bohm), 261-288.
"Scientific Elites and the Making of U.S. Policy for Climate Change Research, 1957-1974," Social Studies of Science 23:643-680 (1993) (with David Victor).
Guest editor, special issue on "Science, Technology, and Individual Responsibility," Technology in Society, volume 8, number 4 (1986).
C. Unpublished work and work in progress
"Aligning Technology Push With Regulatory Pull: Federal RD&D Support for SO2 and NOx Emissions Control Technology for Coal-Fired Power Plants, 1970-2000." MIT Industrial Performance Center Working Paper Series. Forthcoming.
"Don't Worry About the Government? The LEED-NC 'Green Building' Rating System and Energy Efficiency in U.S. Commercial Buildings." MIT Industrial Performance Center Energy Innovation Project Working Paper no. 1. March, 2009.
"Governing the Global Knowledge Economy." Presented at Atlanta Conference on Science and Technology Policy, October, 2007; IDEFF Lisbon Conference, June, 2008.
"International Cooperation To Manage High-Skill Migration" (with Ted Davis). To be presented at Atlanta Conference on Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy, October, 2009.
"Making, Breaking, and (Partially) Remaking Markets: State Regulation and Photovoltaic Electricity in New Jersey." MIT Industrial Performance Center Energy Innovation Project Working Paper no. 5. July, 2009.
"Managing Complexity Within Complexity: IBM and the U.S.-Japan Semiconductor Trade Arrangement." Unpublished case study. 2002.
D. Book reviews
Jagdish Bhagwati and Alan S. Blinder, Offshoring of American Jobs: What Response from U.S. Economic Policy? in Issues in Science and Technology, forthcoming
Goran Marklund, Nicholas S. Vonortas, and Charles W. Wessner, eds., The Innovation Imperative in Papers in Regional Science, forthcoming.
Sumon Gupta and Tope Omoniyi, eds.The Cultures of Economic Migration: International Perspectives in Journal of International Migration and Integration 9:429-430 (2008).
Alan P. Rudy et al., Universities in the Age of Corporate Science, in Enterprise and Society 9:400-402 (2008).
David Nye, Technology Matters in American Scientist, November-December 2006.
Frank Dobbin, ed., The New Economic Sociology in Enterprise & Society 6(3):495-497 (2005).
Nelly Oudshorn, The Male Pill in Step Forward, Fall, 2005.
Johann-Peter Murmann, Knowledge and Competitive Advantage in Step Forward, Fall, 2004.
Louis Galambos and Eric John Abrahamson, Anytime Anywhere: Entrepreneurship and the Creation of a Wireless World in American Historical Review, 108:1115-1116 (2003).
Guy Stever, In War and Peace:My Life in Science and Technology in Chemical and Engineering News, March 24, 2003, 37-38.
Daniel S. Greenberg, Science, Politics, and Money: Political Success and Ethical Erosion in Issues in Science and Technology, Spring, 2002, 89-93.
Alfred D. Chandler, Inventing the Electronic Century: The Epic Story of the Computer and Consumer Electronics Industries in American Scientist, January-February, 2002, 92-93.
James D. Savage, Funding Science in America: Congress, Universities, and the Politics of the Academic Pork Barrel in American Political Science Review 94:465 (2000).
William E. Leuchtenburg, The FDR Years: On Roosevelt and His Legacy in Journal of Policy History 11:94-96 (1999).
David Plotke, Building a Democratic Political Order: Reshaping American Liberalism in the 1930s and 1940s in Clio (newsletter of APSA Politics and History Section), vol. 7, no. 1 (Fall/Winter, 1996), 23.
Kim McQuaid, Uneasy Partners: Big Business in American Politics, 1945-1990 in Business History Review 69:589-590 (1995).
Alan Brinkley, The End of Reform: New Deal Liberalism in Recession and War (New York: Knopf, 1995) in Clio, vol. 5, no. 2 (Spring/Summer, 1995), 10.
E. Selected conference and seminar presentations (not listed elsewhere)
"International Cooperation To Manage High-Skill Migration" (with Ted Davis). Atlanta Conference on Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy, October 2, 2009.
"Regulation and Innovation in ICTs," International Risk Governance Council, Scientific and Technical Committee, Washington, DC, June 30, 2009.
"High-Tech Immigrant Entrepreneurship in the U.S.," Carnegie-Mellon University, October 14, 2009; Industry Studies Conference, Chicago, May 31, 2009; Georgia Tech, February 23, 2009; Seoul National University, January 7, 2009.
"Talent for a Knowledge-Based and Innovation-Oriented Economy: Hong Kong's Challenges and Opportunities," Savantas Policy Institute, Hong Kong, January 9, 2009.
"Global High-Skill Labor Markets," Sloan Industry Studies Conference, Boston, May 1, 2008.
"International Mobility of Human Resources," OECD, Paris, February 19, 2008.
"Global Flows of Talent," National Institute of Science and Technology Policy, MEXT, Tokyo, January 18, 2007
"What Are Interests, and Are They Special?," Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy Fellows Synergy Conference, June 16, 2006; June 22, 2005.
"National Strategy for Education and Innovation," SUNY/CFR conference on "The Evolving Global Talent Pool," New York City, June 16, 2005.
"Research and Innovation Policy in the U.S.," University of Cambridge (UK), January 20, 2005; January 27, 2004.
"The Emergence of Entrepreneurship Policy," George Mason University Entrepreneurship Conference, November 12, 2004; Diebold Conference on Entrepreneurship, London, April 27, 2004; University of Sussex, January 29, 2004; University of Lowell, November 17, 2003.
"The Political Education of the U.S. High-Tech Industry," Illinois Institute of Technology, December 16, 2003; George Washington University, December 4, 2003; Bentley College, November 13, 2003; Northeastern University, November 14, 2002; Georgetown University, December 13, 2002.
"Agenda-setting and Resource Allocation in the Think Tank 'Industry': The Case of the 'Internet Revolution'," American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, September 1, 2003.
"India and Technological Innovation," Harvard University, May 7, 2003.
"Star Dust and Shoe Leather: The Globalization of Businesses' Public Policy Capacities," New England Political Science Association, Providence, May 1, 2003.
"The Future of U.S. Science and Technology Policy," Eastern Management Development Center, Office of Personnel Management, Shepardstown, WV, August 21, 2002.
"Roundtable: Corporations as Political Actors," Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, April 28, 2002.
Visiting Faculty, Great Issues Forum, Public Policy Program, Denver University, January 2002.
"Entrepreneurship and Public Policy," US-China (NSF-CNSF) Joint Science Policy Seminar, Washington, D.C., March 20, 2002; Association for Public Policy and Management, Washington, D.C., November 2, 2001.
"Current Issues in Technology Policy," George Mason University, January 22, 2002.
"New Frontiers of Biomedical Research, 1945-1980," National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, October 29, 2001.
"The Ecology of High-Tech Business Interests in Washington, D.C.: Assembly Rules and Resource Partitioning," Midwest Political Science Association, April 10, 2001.
"Antitrust and Technological Innovation: Microsoft and Beyond," George Washington University, March 21, 2001.
"Technology, the Corporation, and the State," Seminar on New Directions in Business History, Kennedy School of Government, March 1, 2001.
"Technology Policy and the New Economy in the Next American Administration," Industry Canada, Ottawa, October 11, 2000.
"The Context for International R&D Cooperation," US-China (NSF-CNSF) Joint Science Policy Seminar, Beijing, October 25, 1999.
"Globalization and Corporate Political Power: A Hypothesis," KSG Visions of Governance Project, Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, July 12, 1999.
"Government-University-Industry Relations," Portuguese-American Postgraduate Society Forum, MIT, October 24, 1998.
"Internationalization and Privatization: Implications for Science and Technology Policy," Colloquium in Honor of Professor Eugene B. Skolnikoff, MIT, May 15, 1998.
"The 'Historical Turn' in Political Science and the History of American Science and Technology Policy," conference on "Science, Technology and Modern America: New Historical Perspectives," University of California, Los Angeles, March 7, 1998.
"U.S. Technology Policy," conference on "Understanding the Science and Technology Enterprise: The Political and Economic Contexts," Brookings Institution, May 14, 1998.
"Institutional Interference Patterns: Technology and Industrial Policy Since the 1920s," American Political Science Association, August 28, 1997.
"The Changing Governance of Technological Innovation: Internationalization, Privatization, Federalization" and "Economic Expectations and Presidential Performance: A Mismatch Worth Worrying About," KSG Visions of Governance Project, Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, July 21-23, 1997.
"A Confusion of Means and Ends: The Debate Over the Federal Role in Organizing, Managing and Funding the Nation's Science and Technology," conference on Science, The Endless Frontier, Columbia University, September 21, 1996.
"Bush, Science, Technology, and Economic Policy in the Late 1940s," Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, February 21, 1995.
"The Disappearance of 'Technological Unemployment' from the American Economic Policy Debate, 1937-1946," New England Political Science Association, April 3, 1993.
"'National Innovation Systems: An Appraisal," International Workshop for Rising Scholars and Practitioners in Science and Technology Policy, Honolulu, Hawaii, January 7-9, 1993.
American Politics: Institutions, Processes, and Policies (PAL-207-208/Gov 3004)
Business as a Political Actor (BGP-232)
Electoral and Advocacy Politics (PAL-201)
Governance and Policy Processes (PUBP 502)
International Migration, Global Governance, and the Knowledge Economy (PUBP-710)
Lobbying and Interest Representation (PUBP 735)
Mobilizing for Political Action (PAL-110)
Science, Technology, and Public Policy (STP-100)
Technological Innovation for Economic Growth: Knowledge, Entrepreneurship, and Governance (BGP-213)
Technology, Science, and Innovation: Governance and Institutions (PUBP 820)
Technology, Science, and Public Policy II (PUBP 821)
Executive Programs (Science, Technology, and Innovation; Oil and Natural Gas Corporation of India)
Completed Ph.D. dissertations (chair):
May, Kyle, "Internet-Disseminated Medical Information: A Study of Three Policy Tools," (December 2008)
Current dissertation and Ph.D. committee service (current):
Agwara, Hezekiah (field, member)
Apple, Kirsten (field, member)
Danielson, Glenn (field, member)
Davis, Ted (field, chair)
Duchak, George (field, member)
Ehle, Gretchen (dissertation, chair)
Gutierrez, Juan Julio (field, chair)
Jung, Yu Jin (field, member)
Kallas, Kadri (dissertation, chair)
Ranville, Michelle (dissertation, member)
Ravi, Chaitanya (dissertation, member)
Tian, Fangmeng (field, chair)
Zelnio, Ryan (field, chair)
Entrepreneurship and Public Policy
Political Advocacy and Political Strategy
Technology and Innovation Policy
Grants, Contracts, and Fellowships
2009: Subgrant extension, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, through MIT Industrial Performance Center ($51,015)
2008: Domestic Policy Program, Research Grant, Smith-Richardson Foundation ($122,683.)
2008: Subgrant, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, through MIT Industrial Performance Center ($104,742)
2008: Faculty Research Grant, Center for Global Studies, George Mason University ($2,500)
2007: Research Contract for Use of Large Data Bases, Office of Advocacy, U.S. Small Business Administration ($97,870)
2005: Multidisciplinary Entrepreneurship Research Grant, Kauffman Foundation ($29,850)
1995: Herbert Hoover Presidential Library Association Scholar
1993-94: Doctoral Research Fellowship, Industrial Performance Center, M.I.T.
1993: American Politics Dissertation Travel Grant, Political Science Department, M.I.T.
1991-93: Predoctoral Fellowship, Center for Science and International Affairs, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.
Member, Board of Directors, Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, 2006-present.
Member, Editorial Board, Review of Policy Research, 2007-present.
Member, Editorial Board, Science and Public Policy, 2004-present.
Coordinator, GMU-GW Technology, Science and Innovation Research Workshop, 2005-present.
Member, SPP Curriculum Committee, 2006-present.
Faculty Advisor, Graduate Student Conference on Science and Technology in Society, 2004-present.
Track Director – Globalization, Atlanta Conference on Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy, 2009.
Member, SPP Search Committee, 2008-2009.
Coordinator, SPP Faculty Brown Bag Series, 2007-2009.
Faculty Advisor, New Voices in Public Policy (student journal), 2006-2009.
Member, Expert Advisory Group, Project on Energy Innovation from the Bottom Up (Clean Air Task Force/Arizona State University), 2009.
Faculty Advisor, SPP Writing Workshop, 2007-2008.
Consultant, MacArthur Foundation, International Peace and Security Program, 2007-2008.
Chair, SPP Search Committee, 2006-2008.
Workshop organizer, "Innovation Policy in a Global Economy" (with Swedish Center of Excellence in Science and Innovation Studies), George Mason University, November 2009; "Governing the Global Knowlede Economy," George Mason University, February 2008.
Member, Governing Council, Politics and History Section, American Political Science Association, 2005-2007.
Member, Schattschneider Award Committee, American Political Science Association, 2006.
Chair, Don K. Price Award Committee, American Political Science Association, 2004-2005.
Faculty Chair, Political Advocacy Methodological Area of Concentration, 1997-2004.
Member, MPP Admissions Committee, 1995-2004.
Contributing Editor, "Evaluation of DOE's Technology Partnership Programs," Department of Energy, 2004.
Member, Academic Advisory Board, Center on Science, Policy and Outcomes, 1998-2002.
Member, Whitehead Institute Task Force on Genetics and Public Policy, 1994-2002.
Conference Organizer, "Entrepreneurship and Public Policy," Kennedy School of Government, April 10-11, 2001 (sponsored by the National Commission on Entrepreneurship and the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation).
Coordinator, Boston area Workshop on American Political Development, 1994 1998.
Conference Organizer, "The Politics of Economic Inequality in the Twentieth Century," Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, September 28, 1996; and "Where Are We in American Political Development? Contemporary Politics in Historical Perspective," Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, October 14, 1995, both for the Boston-area Workshop on American Political Development.
Panel Organizer, "New Directions in Renewable Energy Policy, Association for Public Policy and Management, November 5, 2009; "International Migration and Development," Sloan Industry Studies Conference, May 1, 2008; "The Not So Silent Majority: Business Lobbying in Washington, D.C.," Midwest Political Science Association, April 21, 2001; "Regimes and Orders in American Political Development," American Political Science Association, August 28, 1997.
Commentator, "New Sentinels of Progress," Society for the Social Studies of Science, October 30, 2009; "The New Deal and Liberalism Across the Wartime Divide," Policy History Conference, June 1, 2006; "American Business and Party Politics, American Political Science Association, September 3, 2005; "Interest Groups and Representation," American Political Science Association," September 1, 2004; "Dilemmas of Business and Government," Policy History Conference, May 21, 2004; "Ideology, Interests, and Party Representation," Midwest Political Science Association, April 18, 2004; "Strategies for Legislative Advocacy," American Political Science Association, September 1, 2003; "Public Policy at War," Policy History Conference, June 2, 2002; "Comparing the Trajectories of Science Policy in the United States and Japan in the Next Century," American Political Science Association, Atlanta, Sept. 3, 1999; "Elitism and Democracy in the Regulatory State," Organization of American Historians, Toronto, April 24, 1999.
Rapporteur, "Government's Role in Technology Innovation," Department of Energy, Washington, D.C., February 11, 2002.
Section Chair, Politics and History, New England Political Science Association, 2001.
Consultant, National Research Council panel on Government Performance and Results Act, 2000.
Chair, Policy Analysis Exercise Awards Committee, 1999-2000, 2002.
Member, Junior Politics Search Committee, 1997-1998.
Member, Senior/Junior History Search Committee, 1998-2000.
Member, Nominations Committee, APSA Politics and History Section, 1995-1996.
Member, Policy Analysis Exercise Awards Committee, 1995, 1997, 2001.
Staff, "International Relationships of M.I.T. in a Technologically Competitive World," M.I.T. faculty study group, May, 1991.
Peer reviewer (manuscripts, articles, reports, and proposals – various dates):
American Journal of Political Science
American Political Science Review
Business and Politics
Cambridge University Press
Canadian Journal of Higher Education
Center for Global Studies, George Mason University
Comparative Policy Studies
Comparative Technology Transfer and Society
Environment and Planning C
Journal of Policy History
Journal of Politics
National Academy of Engineering
National Science Board
National Science Foundation
Political Research Quarterly
Review of Policy Research
Science and Public Policy
Small Business Economics
Social Studies of Science
Studies in American Political Development